© 2015 EDUCAUSE. While this traditionally has referred to infrastructure dealing with necessities such as the water supply, electricity, transportation, and food supply, the federal government now includes information technology in critical infrastructure, both in terms of the organizations that supply IT and the organizations that use IT.1. Devaraj, Sarv, and Rajiv Kohli. Identify the pain points and establish benchmarks. The basic approach (see figure 1) is to show how to value a project by looking at the capabilities to be implemented or updated, the benefits to different parts of the university community, the risks entailed in undertaking the project (or not undertaking it), and the costs (including ongoing maintenance and operational costs) — all based on a fundamental understanding of the different types of infrastructure projects and their purposes. Analysis and comparison matrix template, Ancillary beneficiaries; how they benefit, One-time costs of planning and implementation: external, including external personnel (range of cost), One-time costs of planning and implementation: internal, including internal personnel, amortization, nonbudgeted costs (range of cost), Cost of conversion/overlap: external (range of cost), Cost of conversion/overlap: internal (range of cost), Annual (ongoing) costs: external, including external personnel (range of cost), Annual (ongoing) costs: internal, including internal personnel, amortization, nonbudgeted costs (range of cost). Improves service levels by installing Uninterruptable Power Supplies (UPS) in customer locations to provide emergency power for netw… Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2007. Chief information officers should review their current network setup on at least an annual basis to ensure that it still fits their business needs and objectives. The checklist below will help you ensure that you consider some of the most important aspects of your enterprise network infrastructure before performing an upgrade. Regularly upgrade the core IT networking infrastructure in alignment with business drivers, new opportunities for innovation, and architectural and product roadmaps Results Constant infrastructure readiness No need to delay technology adoption while infrastructure is prepared Next Steps More than one dozen new infrastructure projects in fiscal year If current computer hardware requires power of 5kW per rack but new hardware requires 10 or 20kW, the cost of upgrading electrical and cooling equipment can equal or exceed the cost of replacing the computer hardware. This life cycle of build-maintain-upgrade-replace-reimplement results in the different types of infrastructure projects. Reduces enterprise riskby retiring aging, out of service equipment 4. Looking for IT innovations and advice? These maintenance projects were sometimes very large infrastructure projects in themselves. If any part of your existing infrastructure is found lacking, you should roll the necessary enhancements into your next network upgrade. Having this redundancy will reduce the likelihood of an outage, but by how much, and how likely is an outage without the redundant switch? Greyson Technologies can help your business at every step of an IT infrastructure upgrade, from IT strategy and consulting to support and managed services. So while you can expect various benefits from new infrastructure, there is always a risk that those benefits will not be realized. Implement Proper Planning. Approach to infrastructure project justification. 1! The building trades and other engineering professions have established many types of metrics and standards to guide such decisions. Sometimes, qualitative analysis provides more than enough information to allow actions to be taken. Scientific Advances and Information Technology: Meeting Researchers' Needs in a New Era of Discovery. One of the facts of life is that there is never enough money to maintain or upgrade all infrastructure to the highest and most productive level, requiring organizations to establish priorities. IT hasn't achieved that level of standardization, but we can develop an approach to assessing infrastructure systems by measuring their usefulness, reliability, and technological obsolescence. Because wires had to reach all those wireless access points, however, the wired network would still need to go everywhere wireless went (although not necessarily to each desktop). An infrastructure project under review must be compared to other projects. Waterfall. Infrastructure Upgrade Pradip Radhakrishnan, PMP - December 22, 2008 SHARE Request to reuse this ... Talk to as many people as possible and base your project plan on the worst-case turnaround time for the various activities such as hardware, firewall, etc. Without this commitment, he felt that he was unlikely to win the grant. Some benefits and costs can be presented in quantifiable terms and some not, but all should enter into the decision-making process. As part of this drive for change, many organizations are planning or undergoing IT infrastructure upgrades, particularly for their enterprise networks. In this type of situation, the cost analysis has to show the overlap of both services, as well as costs attributable to the migration effort (see figure 2). One of the questions in justifying infrastructure maintenance or replacements is, Why do this now? https://www.greyson.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imgpsh_mobile_save.jpg, /wp-content/uploads/2018/02/greyson-black-logo.png, The CIO's IT Infrastructure Upgrade Checklist. The Telecommunications Infrastructure Upgrade Project (TIU) is being implemented through a series of projects grouped in phases by geographic locations and grouped by each area’s primary network routing hub known as an Area Distribution Facility … File Format. Ribes, David, and Thomas Finholt. Infrastructure projects will compete with all the other demands on the IT budget, however, and sometimes suffer in comparisons because benefits and risks are thought to be difficult to explain or quantify. ROI is all the different types of returns — positive and negative, financial and nonfinancial — that accrue from implementing a project. Two related terms deserve mention. Quantity profiles provide the exact calculation of quantities imported from surveying programs. With this presentation, decision makers will be in a better position to appreciate the value of IT infrastructure and approve necessary projects. By adopting software-defined network, you’ll cut your capital and operating expenses. The framework laid out here provides background to enhance understanding of the types of infrastructure projects, present capabilities, analyze benefits and risks, develop a cost model, and, by comparing alternatives, develop the value proposition for infrastructure projects for presentation to decision makers. Detailed migration plan and timeline, IT infrastructure migration or upgrade projects. As your business grows and evolves, the capacity of your network should grow alongside it. In addition to capabilities, benefits, and risks, the other important part of the analysis is the cost model. Your organization needs a cyber strategy that accommodates these developments. The ability to create a high-level project plan to address the required work scope An infrastructure upgrade and Managed Services proposal is valuable to the customer as well, as it will: Provide the customer the comfort level required to engage with the solution provider through validation of their technical proficiency and capability to address their business needs —Editor. It provides background to enhance understanding of the various types of infrastructure projects, present capabilities, analyze benefits and risks, develop a cost model, and, by comparing alternatives, develop the value proposition for presentation to decision makers. Journal of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, no. Something could go wrong, or the upgrade could take longer than expected. The project aims to upgrade the network of a software development organization. Moreover, dozens of new wireless devices would keep demanding more and more bandwidth, and the wired network would need to keep up. Create an ROI scorecard using all that you know about the project. Example health check rating of infrastructure systems, Up-to-Date Architecture (Tech Obsolescence). After completing this planning phase, we installed, configured, and documented our client’s network and virtual infrastructure. Network infrastructure (cabling, Internet connection) Of course, yo… Expect issues and delays related to security/firewall changes. Before going forward with a particular maintenance project, an institution must consider several key questions: The answers to these questions can help an organization decide what and how much maintenance is appropriate, which provides the basis for a cost model for infrastructure maintenance. Case study. In practice, many risks and benefits can only be translated into financial terms by making gross assumptions on financial value that would be nearly impossible to verify. They should also upgrade to the latest wireless standards, such as 802.11ac. If your audience is the CFO, then an argument with at least some discussion of financial return will be useful. In addition to those immediate benefits, IT staff often raised the possibility of an additional benefit: that wireless networks would reduce or even eliminate the need for most wired networks, thus lowering the cost of that infrastructure. So how do you create the value proposition for infrastructure where a single financial ROI is not readily calculable? IT research and advisory firm Gartner estimates that by 2022, 75% of organizations will view networking as critical to the success of their digital initiatives. In short, it gives you more say in its configuration. Security devices (firewalls, biometric and smart card readers, IDS appliances) 7. Pricing Plans. Make predictions about how this may change in the short and medium terms. "3 Note that the first definition includes institutions and people, while the second includes data and information. 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